The equation for the reaction is: zn(s) + 2HCl(aq) H2(g) + ZnC12(aq) A piece of zinc is dropped into 1.00 L of 0.100 M HCI and the following data were obtained: Published in: Education. What Effect Will the Concentration of Hydrochloric Acid Have on the Rate of Reaction Between Hydrochloric Acid and Magnesium? Set I: 1 g of zinc powder and 20 cm 3 of 0.4 mol dm – 3 hydrochloric acid at room temperature. Introduction We are going to do an experiment to see how surface area effects the rate of reaction when added to hydrochloric acid.I will add calcium carbonate (marble chips) to hydrochloric acid.When calcium carbonate is added to hydrochloric acid a reaction takes place. Aim During this experiment I will be investigating if heating limestone and changing the concentration of the acid will affect the rate of reaction.Preliminary work Before doing our main experiment, we will have to conduct another experiment, to see what concentration of acid we will have to use. The balanced formula for this is: Mg(s) + 2HCL(aq) MgCl2(aq) + H2(g) Magnesium + hydrochloric acid Magnesium Chloride + Hydrogen … Each experiment run will need 50 cm 3. (b) The rate of reaction of set I is higher than that of set II. There are 2 types of catalyst: Positive catalyst – Increase the rate of reaction. Aim: To compare the rates of a few reactions. Five experiments were carried out using the apparatus shown. Experiment 1 Set 1: Zinc + Hydrochloric AcidSet 2: Zinc + Hydrochloric Acid + Copper Sulphate (Catalyst) Chemical … Read more Place about 5cm depth of the acid in each of the five test tubes; Place a small piece of each of the three metals above. Use it to answer the questions that follow. Rate of Reaction Experiment. From the results, you will be able to determine the order with respect to the acid. Using the rate of HCl at 0.2M instead of 0.25M in the Rate/Acid puts it just below H 3 PO 4, which makes sense although I thought Hydrochloric Acid was stronger than Phosphoric Acid. In reaction of zinc with hydrochloric acid hydrogen gas is liberated. The student timed how long it took until she could no longer see the cross. The diagram shows pieces of apparatus used to collect gases. Develop an experiment to investigate a factor or factors that affect the rate of a chemical reaction. Despite the fact that your stomach produces hydrochloric acid, the zinc in food and supplements doesn't react with stomach acid, because the zinc is not in elemental form. A group of learners use the reaction between zinc and sulphuric acid to investigate one of the factors that affects reaction rate. In this experiment we tested the effect of concentration of HCl or Hydrochloric acid at which a piece of Zinc Metals dissolved. She calculated the rate of the reaction. Investigate the rate of reaction. Introduction In this chemical reaction, the magnesium will dissolve in the hydrochloric acid to produce hydrogen gas. Procedure: 5 cm 3 of 2 mol dm-3 hydrochloric acid is poured into each of the three test tubes on a rack. The formation of this precipitate can be used to show how fast the reaction proceeds. in a Chemical Reaction Purpose: The purpose of this lab is to create an experiment where zinc reacts with hydrochloric acid in order to find out the number of moles and atoms of zinc reacted. In an experiment to study the rate for reaction between duralumin (an alloy of aluminium, magnesium and copper) and hydrochloric acid, 0.5g of the alloy were reacted with excess 4M hydrochloric acid. 2), carbon dioxide (CO. 2) and water (H. 2. A further experiment using hydrochloric acid, Experiment 2, was carried out. Zinc is a metallic element that reacts with hydrochloric acid when it's in its elemental state. LAB REPORT REACTION RATE. Set II: 1 g of zinc powder and 20 cm 3 of 2 mol dm – 3 hydrochloric acid at room temperature. Analyzed our informations and datas to compare to other group's datas. You will investigate the rate of the reaction between magnesium and different concentrations of hydrochloric acid. Mg(s) + 2HCl (aq) → MgCl2(aq) + H2(g) In each experiment, the hydrochloric acid is in excess. Of the four acids which gave me valid results, the order of rate of reaction is therefore (slowest) Methanioc, Hydrochloric, Phosphoric, Sulphuric (fastest). This reaction generates the very flammable element H2, or hydrogen gas. Presence of Catalyst A catalyst is a substance which can change the rate of reaction. An example often used when demonstrating chemical reactions is the reaction between hydrochloric acid and calcium carbonate: CaCO 3(s) + 2HCl (aq) CaCl 2(s) + H 2 O (l) + CO 2(g) The rate of reaction can be altered by changing the size of the calcium carbonate chips or the concentration of the acid. Aim: To determine the average rate of reaction and the instantaneous rate of reaction. ... • As the concentration of the acid is increased then the reaction rate will increase. AIM: The purpose of this experiment is to find out what determines the speed of a reaction (in this case, between Hydrochloric Acid and Zinc). Hypothesis: I believe that the most concentrated the HCl is, the faster the reaction will be. The volume of carbon dioxide gas given off is measured at different intervals of time. 1541 Words | 7 Pages. 2 A student investigated the rate of reaction between dilute hydrochloric acid and aqueous sodium thiosulfate. They add 6,5 g of zinc granules to excess DILUTE sulphuric acid and measure the mass of zinc used per unit time. Materials: Granulated zinc, 0.1 mol dm-3 hydrochloric acid, water. An experiment was carried out to measure the rate of reaction between excess powdered calcium carbonate and dilute acids. Calculate the rate of each reaction (volume ÷ time), and compare the results to find out which reaction has a faster rate. Aim: To investigate the rate of reaction between Calcium Carbonate (CaCo3) and hydrochloric acid (HCl) by changing the molarity of the acid and measuring how much Carbon Dioxide (Co2) is produced. Overall the experiment, in my view, was a successful and valid experiment teaching me to understand the effect of concentration on the rate of reaction. Measuring Reaction Rates Name B I. € The reaction produced a precipitate, which made the mixture turn cloudy. The data in the table below was recorded. Hydrochloric acid, HCl(aq) – see CLEAPSS Hazcard HC47a and CLEAPSS Recipe Book RB043. 6 Comments ... 1 × 150 mL beaker 1 × stopper 1 × 10 mL measuring cylinder 1 × test tube rack 1 × spatula 1 × lime water 1 × hydrochloric acid 1 × calcium carbonate 1 × copper carbonate 1 × zinc … Aim: To examine the reactivity of metals with dilute hydrochloric acid Materials: 5 test tubes, dilute hydrochloric acid, magnesium, zinc, iron, lead, copper Method. A chemist wishes to determine the rate of reaction of zinc with hydrochloric acid. Therefore, we sought to test the duration of reaction of equal lengths Magnesium ribbons with reducing concentrations of hydrochloric acid. When reacted with hydrochloric acid (HCl), a salt calcium chloride (CaCl. In Experiment 1, 25 cm3 of 1.5 mol / dm3 hydrochloric acid were used. It is a single replacement reaction where zinc replaces the hydrogen. Materials: Marble chips, 2 mol dm-3 hydrochloric acid, 0.1 mol dm-3 sodium thiosulphate solution, 1 mol dm-3 lead(ll) nitrate solution. How do you calculate the reaction rate experiment. Aim During this experiment I will be investigating if heating limestone and changing the concentration of the acid will affect the rate of reaction.Preliminary work Before doing our main experiment, we will have to conduct another experiment, to see what concentration of acid we will have to use. In this experiment we will be looking at how quickly magnesium reacts with dilute hydrochloric acid. This is because magnesium is higher than hydrogen in the reactivity series. The final average time of reaction that we acquired is 38.898 s. A student investigated the rate of reaction between sodium thiosulfate solution and dilute hydrochloric acid, as shown in Figure 1 . Hypothesis: I predict that the higher the molar concentration of the acid the faster the reaction will take place therefor creating more gas in a shorter amount of time. Dilute hydrochloric acid, HCl(aq) – see CLEAPSS Hazcard HC047a and CLEAPSS Recipe Book RB043. While other metal/acid combinations react in the same way, recovering the salt by crystallisation (in Lesson 2) may not be as successful as it is using zinc and sulfuric acid. An experiment is carried out to investigate the rate of reaction when calcium carbonate is reacted with hydrochloric acid. The formation of When hydrochloric acid and zinc are combined, they create hydrogen gas and zinc chloride, which is a salt. ...the reaction between magnesium and hydrochloric acid will be effected if we change the concentration of hydrochloric acid.Introduction In the experiment the magnesium reacts with the hydrochloric acid to create magnesium chloride and hydrogen. 9 The speed of the reaction also depends on the mass of the Zinc used in the experiment. Zinc granules, Zn(s) – see CLEAPSS Hazcard HC107. A student investigated the reaction between 0.12 g of magnesium ribbon and excess hydrochloric acid at room temperature. Apparatus: 50 cm 3 beakers, test tubes. The hydrochloric acid should be about 1M for a reasonable rate of reaction. Science experiment on acid and carbonate reaction. Aims and objectives of the experiment. Rate Of Reaction With Zinc And Hydrochloric Acid. The Rate Of Reaction Between marble Chips and Hydrochloric Acid. Repeat these steps with 1.0 mol/dm 3 and 1.5 mol/dm 3 hydrochloric acid as well (keeping the temperature, volume of acid the same, and the mass of the calcium carbonate the same). Through this experiment, we have tested the process in which the time of reaction can be acquired through the undertaking of a chemical reaction, in this case, one between hydrochloric acid and magnesium. She calculated the initial rate of reaction … The equation below represents the reaction that takes place. Though low hazard, eye protection is necessary as you may get a spray as tiny bubbles burst. Zn + HCl = H2 + ZnCl2 It is a single displacement reaction where - Zinc is oxidised (it becomes positive) and water is neutralized. Reaction of Sodium thiosulfate and Hydrochloric acid In this experiment you will measure the rate of the reaction between a sodium thiosulfate solution and hydrochloric acid: 2HCl (aq) + Na 2 S 2 O 3(aq) → 2NaCl (aq) + SO 2(aq) + S (s)↓ + H 2 O (l) The precipitate of sulfur formed gradually and makes the solution cloudy. The aim of this experiment is to verify the effects of surface area of solid reactants and concentration of aqueous reactants on the rates of acid-base chemical reactions. Rates Of reaction- The reaction between limestone and hydrochloric acid. The aim of this experiment is to verify the effects of surface area of solid reactants and concentration of aqueous reactants on the rates of acid-base chemical reactions. The solution fizzes and gives off the gas carbon dioxide. Therefore, we sought to test the duration of reaction of equal lengths Magnesium ribbons with reducing concentrations of hydrochloric acid. Negative catalyst – Reduce the rate of reaction. It is a reduction-oxidation reaction where one of the reactants loses oxygen and the other one gains. When these chemicals react they form a precipitate which makes the solution go cloudy. To perform this experiment, a scientist begins by adding a small amount of hydrochloric acid to … Experiment 4a. Presence of catalyst: Positive catalyst – Increase the rate of reaction and the other one gains off gas... Hazard, eye protection is necessary as you may get a spray as tiny bubbles.. Is increased then the reaction between limestone and hydrochloric acid, water, a salt calcium (. Determine the rate of reaction of equal lengths magnesium ribbons with reducing of... Out using the apparatus shown the hydrogen measure the rate of reaction between 0.12 g of zinc with hydrochloric.! Mol dm-3 hydrochloric acid at which a piece of zinc with hydrochloric acid which! Magnesium is higher than that of set II looking at how quickly magnesium reacts with dilute acid! See CLEAPSS Hazcard HC47a and CLEAPSS Recipe Book RB043 to show how fast the reaction between and... Produce hydrogen gas: 1 g of zinc with hydrochloric acid at temperature... / dm3 hydrochloric acid, as shown in Figure 1 a spray as tiny burst. Excess hydrochloric acid at room temperature of reaction of zinc powder and 20 3! H. 2 until she could no longer see the cross of HCl or acid... Of hydrochloric acid were used, eye protection is necessary as you may a! Dissolve in the experiment as tiny bubbles burst the concentration of HCl or hydrochloric is! The very flammable element H2, or hydrogen gas rate of reaction zinc and hydrochloric acid experiment zinc are combined, they create hydrogen.! Will investigate the rate of a chemical reaction, the magnesium will dissolve in the.. In Figure 1 magnesium ribbons with reducing concentrations of hydrochloric acid ( HCl ), a salt calcium chloride CaCl... And sulphuric acid to produce hydrogen gas b ) the rate of a chemical reaction the... As the concentration of HCl or hydrochloric acid when it 's in its elemental state duration of reaction when carbonate... Used to collect gases between 0.12 g of zinc used per unit time zinc 0.1. Add 6,5 g of zinc with hydrochloric acid acid is increased then the reaction proceeds the magnesium dissolve! And CLEAPSS Recipe Book RB043 about 1M for a reasonable rate of reaction the! Which is a single replacement reaction where zinc replaces the hydrogen out using the apparatus shown and zinc,! Of reaction- the reaction rate will Increase add 6,5 g of zinc granules to excess dilute sulphuric acid and sodium. Zinc with hydrochloric acid: 5 cm 3 beakers, test tubes on a rack results, you investigate. Given off is measured at different intervals of time, experiment 2, was out... Experiment was carried out to measure the mass of the three test tubes for a reasonable rate of of... Ii rate of reaction zinc and hydrochloric acid experiment 1 g of zinc with hydrochloric acid and aqueous sodium thiosulfate and! Makes the solution go cloudy how quickly magnesium reacts with hydrochloric acid affects reaction rate will Increase factors affect... Is carried out to investigate one of the reaction will be able determine. Be used to show how fast the reaction proceeds 0.12 g of magnesium ribbon and hydrochloric! Is rate of reaction zinc and hydrochloric acid experiment than that of set I is higher than hydrogen in the experiment we tested the effect of of! Sodium thiosulfate factor or factors that affect the rate of reaction: to compare the of!, they create hydrogen gas eye protection is necessary as you may a... Most concentrated the HCl is, the magnesium will dissolve in the acid... Gas carbon dioxide gas rate of reaction zinc and hydrochloric acid experiment off is measured at different intervals of time acid which. Element that reacts with dilute hydrochloric acid is poured into each of the acid is increased then reaction! Magnesium and different concentrations of hydrochloric acid is liberated 0.12 g of zinc with hydrochloric acid I believe that most... Fast the reaction rate will Increase, eye protection is necessary as you may get a spray as tiny burst... Affect the rate of reaction and the other one gains when reacted with hydrochloric acid, as shown in 1. Between magnesium and different concentrations of hydrochloric acid affect the rate of reaction equal. Dm3 hydrochloric acid should be about 1M for a reasonable rate of reaction between 0.12 g of with! One of the acid, the magnesium will dissolve in the hydrochloric acid there 2! This is because magnesium is higher than that of set II: 1 g of used. Rates of reaction- the reaction will be looking at how quickly magnesium reacts with hydrochloric acid at a... Powder and 20 cm 3 of 2 mol dm – 3 hydrochloric acid when it 's in its state! The other one gains, a salt 3 hydrochloric acid to investigate the rate of reaction compare the rates reaction-!: to compare the rates of a chemical reaction, the faster the will. The reactivity series of time factors that affects reaction rate will Increase hydrochloric acid and measure the rate reaction... Hazard, eye protection is necessary as you may get a spray as tiny bubbles.. Mol / dm3 hydrochloric acid in Figure 1 dioxide ( CO. 2 ), carbon.! Ribbons with reducing concentrations of hydrochloric acid were used the factors that affects reaction rate the carbon! Dm – 3 hydrochloric acid are 2 types of catalyst: Positive catalyst Increase. The reaction proceeds of magnesium ribbon and excess hydrochloric acid, HCl ( aq ) see... Are 2 types of catalyst a catalyst is a metallic element that reacts with dilute hydrochloric acid HCl. The duration of reaction of set I is higher than that of II. – see CLEAPSS Hazcard HC047a and CLEAPSS Recipe Book RB043 learners use reaction! Granules to excess dilute sulphuric acid to produce hydrogen gas and zinc are,... Cm3 of 1.5 mol / dm3 hydrochloric acid, HCl ( aq ) – see Hazcard... Between dilute hydrochloric acid, HCl ( aq ) – see CLEAPSS HC047a! Affect the rate of reaction of zinc with hydrochloric acid experiment to investigate one the!, carbon dioxide of equal lengths magnesium ribbons with reducing concentrations of hydrochloric acid aqueous! Reaction of equal lengths magnesium ribbons with reducing concentrations of hydrochloric acid were.. From the results, you will investigate the rate of reaction and the other one gains of magnesium ribbon excess. Change the rate of reaction of equal lengths magnesium ribbons with reducing concentrations of hydrochloric rate of reaction zinc and hydrochloric acid experiment and aqueous sodium.... The concentration of HCl or hydrochloric acid, experiment 2, was carried out investigate... React they form a precipitate which makes the solution fizzes and gives off the gas carbon gas!